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Human - Elephant conflict and its mitigation; The Karnataka experience#


   Conflict connotes - a struggle, fight, a clash of interest etc. Man being an apex species has a vast array of natural resources at his command and control. His over dependence on the depleting natural resources has led to inter and intra specific competition and impairment of the delicate balance of demand and supply. The obvious result is the alarming situation of Human-Animal Conflict which is more pronounced in case of wild elephants. Not a single day passes without a report in the newspapers about Man-Animal Conflict and Human Elephant Conflict (HEC).   The coexistence of Man and Elephants dates back to over 4000 years (Prachi Mehta, 2011). India has about 28,000 wild elephants (Report of Elephant Task Force, 2012) and Karnataka has about 6200 elephants-which is about 20% of the country's Census-2012). The Government of India in the year 1992-93 initiated the Project Elephant to conserve the declining elephant population. On the directions of GOI, the Government of Karnataka notified the Mysore elephant Reserve (MER) on 25-11-2002 with an area of 6724.87 km2 spanning over six districts of the state.   Notification of the MER was a major initiative in conservation and management of elephant populations in the state. In the wild, there are two kinds of elephants viz. the African Elephants (Loxodonta africana) and the Asian Elephants (Elephas maximus). The African elephant has an estimated population of 4-6 lakhs and is placed under the "Near Threatened" category by the IUCN and Appendix-I of the CITES. The Asian elephant has a smaller population of 35,000-50,000 (Perera, 2009) and is placed under "Endangered" category by the IUCN and Appendix-I of CITES.(Source: This is an excerpt taken from the My forest Journal - December 2013, Vol 49 (4). The author is Mr. Uday Kumar, IFS. You can read the article at https://bit.ly/2P0jZjM , page 28) 

Reliving the past glory of wild elephant capturing at Kabini, Mysuru.


   The capturing of elephant in pens or stockades is a known as Khedda and is the most widely known method. The word Khedda is derived from the Hindi word khedna which in turn is derived form the Sanskrit 'Khet' which means to drive. In this method wild Elephants were literally driven into a pen or stockade.    The first person to try and capture Elephants in this way was Hyder Ali, the father of Tipu Sultan, in the seventeenth century. He was unsuccessful and no further attempts were made. The British were the first to try again and an attempt by Col. Pearson, a British Army officer in 1867 also resulted in failure. The next to try was another British officer, this time from the Canal or Irrigation Department, named, G.P.Sanderson. He had no previous experience in capturing elephants. He was however interested and knowledgeable in the habits of wild Elephant. After repeated representations which were supported by his superiors, the Mysore Government in 1873 undertook to capture wild elephants and he was put in charge. He was successful in his second attempt in 1874 at a place called Kardihalli. In 1875 he was put in charge of the Elephant Catching establishment at Dhaka for a period nine months. On his return from Dhaka he perfected the khedda system in Mysore. He is said to have taken experienced elephant men from Dhaka who formed the main stay of the operation. In time the Kuruba tribals and others learnt the art of elephant driving.    The Mysore Khedda especially the Kakanakote Kheddas were verydifferent from the Assam Khedda. The Mysore Kheddas were large undertakings which required a large number of men and koonkis. Wild Elephant herds had to be brought in from long distances and were moved in stages and held when necessary in position until the exact time when they would be driven into the stockade in full view of distinguished guests, the Maharaja of Mysore. This involved months of planning and preparation and large contingents of men and koonkis, as many as forty koonkis and a thousand men would be used. The size of the stockade would extend over five acres. It was a very expensive operation. The unique feature of a Kakankote khedda was the river drive which was first designed and carried out by G.P. Sanderson in honour of The Grand Duke of Russia during his visit to Mysore in 1891. In the river drive the elephants were driven across the Kabini river into the stockade and this. proved to be a popular spectacle with special visitors' gallery being set up to allow people to witness the grand finale of a Kakankote khedda.(Source: This is an abstract taken from the My forest Journal - December 2013, Vol 49 (4). The author is Mr. G. Selvakumar, IFS. You can read the article at https://bit.ly/2P0jZjM , page 1) 

Funding Friday: Tortoise


I backed this “new journalism” project today. I like the idea that journalists are experimenting with new models and I like the idea of using crowdfunding to support that. https://avc.com/2018/10/funding-friday-tortoise/

Funding Friday: Tortoise1


I backed this “new journalism” project today. I like the idea that journalists are experimenting with new models and I like the idea of using crowdfunding to support that. https://avc.com/2018/10/funding-friday-tortoise/

Senators Writing Books


Source: http://themusingsofthebigredcar.com/senators-writing-books/ Big Red Car here in soggy Austin By God Texas, y’all. It’s still raining. So, the Big Red Car has a bone to pick with Senators, Senators who spend all their time in Washington, District of Columbia writing books. [Talking to you, Senator Ben Sasse.] We send Senators to DC as part of the legislative branch to write laws, not books. But, some — talking to you, Bennie boy — just go up there and write books. Let’s break it down, shall we? Senators Senators are apportioned two per state. They serve for six years and they provide the deliberative balance to the House of Representatives’ impulsiveness as designed by the Founding Fathers. The reps come and go every two years. In this fashion, the Senate is steady while the House is quick. Senators are sent to write laws, not books. Senator Ben Sasse Books Senator Ben Sasse has written two books since he’s been a Senator. The first is a 320 page work which discusses political philosophy using the theme of parenting as an analogy. It was published by St. Martin’s Griffin press in May 2017. The second is a 288 page tome published this month by St. Martin’s press which suggests the hard edge of political life and life, in general, is not rooted in genuine philosophical differences, but in an overwhelming sense of loneliness and an aversion to tribal toxicity. It suggests the solution is more stable families and enduring friendships without explaining how to achieve that end. Sasse, a Nebraskan, is a smart guy — smart enough to know that writing books as a Senator will make him a lot of money. Can you imagine any lobbyists buy his books? Haha, yes you can, dear reader. He is graduate of Harvard, Oxford, and Yale who served as a college President. He fancies himself a conservative, but a recent DNA test shows him as 91.23% #NeverTrump, 2.2% Indian and 0.00004% conservative. He has promised to write a book about it. What’s your beef, Big Red Car? My beef, dear reader, is that Ben Sasse was sent by the good people of Nebraska to write laws, not books. My beef is that he is being paid $174,000 per year, provided an office, and provided a staff to write laws. He is, instead, using those resources to write books, commercially focused books that will make him a lot of money. Money which he is not giving back to Nebraska or the Federal government. During his tenure — he was elected in 2014 — he has introduced three bills, none of which have become law. His side hustle has become his main thing – part time Senator, full time writer. But, he’s found time to write two highly successful books. [Financially successful. The thinking is second rate in the evaluation of the Big Red Car. No car chases.] Here is Ben Sasse taking a break from book writing to spend some quality time with Chuck Schumer and Tom Cotton. Cotton, a Republican from Arkansas, introduced 15 laws in the same time period in which Sasse introduced 3. They both were sent by their respective states to legislate and were both paid $174,000. Senator Ben Sasse displaying his unique view of politics and writing. You can’t make this stuff up. So, there you have it, dear reader. Fewer books, more laws. Do the job you have been paid to do, please. But, hey, what the Hell do I really know anyway? I’m just a Big Red Car and nobody is paying me to write. Be good to convertibles in the rainy weather. Share this:EmailTweetShare on TumblrPrint Related Source: http://themusingsofthebigredcar.com/senators-writing-books/